1. Nature and Expression

The dog is brave and composed, whilst being alert and loyal. There is sophistication in its good-natured simplicity. It is sensitive without being nervous. There is agility in the dog's overall movement and it should walk with springy steps.


2. General Appearance

Sex features should be distinct. The body should be well balanced, with a solid and well connected bone structure and well developed muscles. Males should have a height to length ratio of 100.110. The female has a somewhat longer body. The height for males is 39.5 cm and for females 36.5, with the acceptable range being 1.5 cm either upwards or downwards.


3. Ears


Small and triangular, angled slightly forward but standing firm and erect.


4. Eyes

Somewhat triangular and slanted upwards. The color of the iris should be dark liver brown.


5. Muzzle

The bridge of the nose should be straight. The mouth should be firm and steady, the nostrils should be tight. The lips should be drawn firmly when closed. Teeth should be strong and the bite correct.


6. Head and Neck

The forehead should be broad. The neck should be well developed but thick and powerful.


7. Forelegs

The shoulder blades should be well developed with proper angulation. The legs should extend straight down with the paws giving the appearance of a tight grip.


8. Hindlegs

The hindlegs should have spring and yet should maintain a solid

stance. The hock joints should be resilient and the paws should give the appearance of a tight grip.


9. Chest

The chest should be deep, the ribs well sprung, and the breast well developed.


10. Back and Loin

The back should be straight and the loins stout and powerful.


11. Tail

The tail should be thick, powerful, and either curled or sickle the full length of which should reach almost to the hock joint.


12. Coat

The coat should be straight and harsh. The undercoat should be dense and soft. The hair on the tail should be somewhat longer than the body hair and should stand off. Coat color should be brindle (sesame), red, black, tiger brindle, or white. Color and quality should have the typical characteristics of the Japanese breeds.



1. Any acquired deformations and signs of inappropriate nourishment.

2. Nose color unsuitable for particular coat color.

3. Spots, speckles, or patches of color on coat.

4. Congenital short tail.



Judging Resolution on Japanese Dog Standard



On the assumption that the Japanese dog has strong teeth, correct bite and complete set of teeth (42), the following method will be taken to correct missing teeth problems.


Point Deduction for missing teeth

1. Lack of typical characteristics of the Japanese breeds.

2. Overshot or undershot.

Dewclaws should preferably be removed.



1. Tail Types

a. Sickle tail

b. Curled tail

(Drum curl, right

curl, left curl,

double curl)


2. Coat Colors

a. Sesame (Black hairs mingled into a red

coat) b. Red

Red Light Red Crimson

3. Black and Tan


Revised from the Spring National Show of 1995, evaluation for missing teeth will be enforced as follows

1. Missing teeth will not be evaluated as superior

2. All sizes of dogs with three

(3) points deduction or less will be considered as average. More than 3 points deduction will be considered as below average.

3. Point deductions will be given for missing teeth regardless of the causes, inherited or acquired later.

4. In case of chipped, decayed or weak inferior quality teeth, the dog will be subject to point deduction by judge's discretion.

5. If tooth between the canine

and third premolar is missing and is difficult to determine whether the missing tooth is first or second premolar, it will be considered as a missing second premolar.



1. Malocclusion or incisor

will not be awarded as


2. Overshot and undershot

will be subjected to an equal amount of point deduction.

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